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UHF RC system version 3
UHF RC system, Hardware manual 300 and 310

the TX unit is designed for 6-25V supply, consume 1.5Watt at any input voltage due to the switchmode converter
the TX needs only 3 signals : GND=shield, +supply=red, PPM=black.
Damage will ocur if reverse powered or if supply higher than 25V
all TX units are shipped fully cased and fully programmed and tested,
the customer must purchase a trainer plug seperatly, make sure it fits their RC unit type, find pin out information and solder it them self.
a good link to RC units and their pinouts is here : http://users.belgacom.net/TX2TX/tx2tx/english/tx2txgb3.htm
Some customers have repported the 3.5mm jack pin out to be different:

1 GND, 2 not used, 3 PPM in/out (this is the way several Graupner JR Spectrum users have found it working)
Normally this kind of connector is not numbered but named like this
1 shield or body often used as ground, 2 tip or top, 3 centre or middle pad or many other things.

For X9303 or similar JR, Graupner, Spectrum systems, use a mono connector to power up the unit in student mode with internal RF disabled
1 GND, 2 PPM out
Normally this kind of connector is not numbered but named like this
1 shield or body often used as ground, 2 tip or top

If your RC system have a multi pin trainer connector, it most likely have powersupply output too,
look in RC unit manual and connect the 3 wires to LRS correct, please measure the supply voltage is correct so you dont damage anything
if you swap supply voltage to the LRS you will fry it ! if you short power from your RC unit you will melt and fry connections in it !

Some RC units have only the PPM signal out, normally in a 2.5 or 3.5mm jack, look in RC unit manual to find the pin connections
the LRS TX unit can be powered with a seperate battery back like pictures here, it is important to connect power and signal ground like this

TX BATTERY LIFE The TX unit draw about 1.5W as mentioned, to find the current it draw we use ohms law,
Watt / SupplyVolt = Current, the supply voltage can be anything from 6-25V. Example with a 3S lipo: 1.5W / 11V = 0.126A
To find the time you can run with a given battery size,
take your battery mAh and divide with current usage also in mA
Example: 1000mAh / 126mA = 7.9 hrs, remember to keep a good safe margin, some batteryes like LIPO do not like to be fully empty.

HARDWARE RX UNIT (version 3.00 and 3.10 written on the RX)
The RX unit is designed for 4-6V supply (4 -5 nimh cells or 5V BEC)
full performance is expected in the 4-6V range
supply current at 5V = 61mA
RF senstivity = -112 dBm at 10% BER (or better)
Damage will ocur if reverse supply voltage and if supply is higher than 9V.
Two LED indicators located at each antenna connector show what antenna is the best right now.

This section is ment to be used by experts and is a bit technical.
the CH8 connector have the posibility of beeing configurered to feed servo signal and RSSI analog signal
this signal can be used with OSD systems, to change from the default POWER and servo signal,
two SMD resistors can be changed by the customers, they are 0603 size and requre special skils to be changed
Near the CH8 connector are two resistors named R19 and R20
The normal default is:
R19 = 0 ohm , R20 = not mounted
CH8 is just as any other channel with this pinout:

The RSSI out option is:
R19 = not mounted , R20 = 1k
CH8 is now special, and its pinout is:

Note about RSSI signal loading : keep it loaded with as low capacitance as possible and with as high resistance as possible,
failure to do so will compromize the diversity handeling, the board have 1nF and 33kohm impedance, so a 100pF and 330k load is the max alowed
The RSSI voltage from the LRS RX is about 0.5 to 1.0 Volt from bad to best, you need to calibrate your OSD so it readout 0-100% for this voltage range
or bargraphs or what ever is possible, I expect this should be explained in your OSD or logger manual.

RX SERVO Supply current
It is advised not to feed supply current into CH8 due to the 2A max current of this SMD resistor.
Normal servo connectors and supply connectors used for RX systems, are designed to handle max 2A each
so in a multible servo system remember to add all peak currents
and be sure your supply connector is not overloaded. Large scale planes often uses powerboxes to solve this normal problem

This system uses wide band frequency hopping in the two free ISM bands 433 and 444MHz.
To make this system secure each tx units in same area must use different ID code
so they will use dirrerent frequency and different hopping system,
more systems can opperate on the same field at the same time with 100% performance.
(it is possible to use any frequency sets in the 410 to 450mhz band on request)

The calculated line of sight range is 100km.
To give you a good safety margin stay within 5km (with 500mW standard version and little whip)
the 7W booster give you at least 15km range with whip antenna.
both ranges mentioned can be tribbled or even more, if you use a larger and better antenna or even a directional type on the TX side.

can be done just like conventional RC systems, in this case simply unmount the TX antenna,
then expect 4-10 meters of range, then check you have same (short) range with motor on/off,
and with video cams and video transmitters on/off, if no change in the range result, then mount TX antenna again and fly.

INSTALLATION The TX box is a small metal case 58mm wide, 72 mm long, 27 mm height, it is supposed to be mounted on your convertional RC unit.
but it can also be mounted some where else using a long cable for the power and PPM signal.
The RX is installed just like any conventional RX

The two RX antennas is supposed to be mounted so at least one of them can always be seen from ground,
mount the two antennas 90 degree angle to each other.
If receiver antennas are mounted horizontal in plane -
then longest range is also achived holding tx antenna horizontal and vice versa.
it could be smart to mount one antenna vertical and one horizontal if possible.
it is ok to cut the antenna wire and solder (same length) stiff piano wire so when vertical mounted it will be straight while flying.

Landscape variations and noise polution in the flight area is known to shorten the range of any wireless link.
Use at least 1/10 of the distance as height. for example at 3km distance stay 300meters up to get full range.
Standard transmitter with 500mW and the standard quaterwave antenna will give you a 3-5km range, in normal city area,
may be much longer in areas with no noise polution.

when using any wireless RC system bad things can happen, batteries can fail, hardware can fall out of planes,
and many other things, what ever bad happens, I can not be held financial or personal responsible,
you agree to this by using this system !


Trouble shooting LRS install and FPV stuff in general

Turn off all video transmitters and cameras in your plane,
try the bind and store failsafe, and then double check all servoes
are nice and stable and fast reacting, if this is true you proceed to 3
if not goto 2

power all off, open LRS TX box, locate R19 tiny SMD resistor size 0603,
add on top of it a 10k resistor try cut the legs as short as possible
and prebend the legs and be carefull not to short anything, if you
have access to smd resistors, you can remove the old resistor and solder a new 10k in place.
goto 1

turn on video tx and camera and gps and osd, see if any change in perfect servo movement
try to make the mentioned range checks in the manual if all pass goto 4
if rangechecking shows problems you have a bad video tx or bad camera system or problems with
power supply or problems with video tx radiate bad harmonics, you must try to fix that somehow.
fix problems and goto 3:

4: fly and be happy